Things you must know about STIs and HIV – The Sex Garden
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Things you must know about STIs and HIV

on January 14, 2020

Whether you admit it or not, sex is a pleasurable activity for couples. It can also enhance the feeling of intimacy with your lover. However, being in a sexual relationship is risky. This is because couples can be exposed to STIs and HIV.

STIs and HIV are sexually transmitted diseases that are common nowadays. The problem is, many people who are infected with these diseases don’t know that they already have them. Even worst, some may unknowingly transfer the disease to other people.

Couples must be aware of this problem before getting involve in any sexual relationship. To be more educated, here is a blog post about the things you must know STIs and HIV.

What are STIs and HIV?

Sexually transmitted infections or STIs are the infections you can get when having sex with an infected person. This kind of infection is usually passed from one person to another specifically through vaginal intercourse. Some may also be passed through anal sex, oral sex or even skin-to-skin contact.

On the other hand, HIV refers to human immunodeficiency virus. This virus usually attacks the body’s immune system. It also destroys the cells in the body that fight off infections and diseases. If not properly treated, it can lead to a more serious disease like AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome).

Symptoms of STIs

In some cases, STIs do not have any signs or symptoms. That’s why most infected person will not notice it. However, whenever you feel or experience the following symptoms, better go to your doctor for check-up.

  • Pain during Urination

Pain during urination is one of the common symptoms of STIs. Though, this symptom can also be associated with some diseases like urinary tract infection and kidney stones. That is why you need to approach your health professional for proper diagnosis.

  • Unusual discharge from the penis

Having an unusual discharge from the male organ or penis is usually a symptom of STIs. It can also be a sign of some other infections such as gonorrhea and chlamydia. Although these infections are not serious, it is crucial to seek medical treatment immediately.

  • Itching in the vaginal area

Itching in the vaginal area is another sign of STIs. Vaginal itching can also be caused by bacterial and yeast infection. For proper diagnosis, ask your health professional if you experienced vaginal itching.

  • Pain during sex

Occasional pain in the vagina is common among women during sexual intercourse. That is why, some women may not know that it is already a symptom of STI. Once you experience pain during sexual activity, consult your health specialist for proper treatment.

  • Abnormal vaginal discharge

There are various infections associated with abnormal vaginal discharge. Sexual infections, such as yeast and bacterial vaginosis can also cause discharge. However, if you notice that there is a strange colour or bad smell in your discharge, this might be a symptom of STIs. If these changes occur, inform your health provider.

  • Sores or Bumps

Sore or bumps are signs of STIs that are noticeable to an infected person. If you noticed that you have strange bumps or sores on or near your mouth or genitals, better talk to your doctor.

Symptoms of HIV

Early signs and symptoms of HIV may include, fever, headache, sore throat, swollen lymph glands, rash, diarrhea, weight loss, fatigue and even shortness of breath. However, some people may experience no early symptoms after being exposed to an infected person.

How STIs and HIV Spreads?

The following are some ways on how you can be infected with STI and HIV. Read on more below.

  • Through sexual intercourse

A person may be infected with STI or HIV if they will have sexual contact with an infected person. Sexual contact may include vaginal, anal or oral sex with an infected partner. The virus can enter the body through mouth sores or even small tears that will develop in the vagina during sexual activity.

  • Blood Transfusions

In the past years, people who are receiving blood transfusion are at risk with HIV. But today, the risk is minimised because of major interventions before blood donation. This may include questioning of donors concerning HIV risk behaviors and laboratory testing of each donated unit of blood for antibodies.

  • Sharing contaminated drug paraphernalia

Sharing contaminated drug paraphernalia like needles and syringes puts you at high risk of getting infected. It is crucial to use only sterile drug injection equipment. Never share this kind of equipment with others.

  • During pregnancy, delivery or breast-feeding

If a pregnant woman has HIV, then there is a high possibility that the virus can be passed to her child during pregnancy, delivery or breast-feeding. However, if the woman will undergo antiretroviral treatment during pregnancy, then the risk of passing on the virus can be eliminated.


Being in a sexual relationship comes with a big responsibility. Before engaging into sexual contact, make sure to know the risks that comes after it. Anyone who had sexual contact can get STIs or HIV.

Therefore, taking steps to protect you from these particular infections is suggested. Also, be aware of the signs and symptoms of these infections. Seeing your health provider can help you learn more about how to prevent STIs and HIV.

The use of extra protection like condom is essential to keep you safe during your sexual intercourse. If you are looking for other sex-related products, you can check out this amazing online sex toy shop.


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